Indonesian Marine Corps
Korps Marinir (KorMar) (English:Marine Corps, ) is the Indonesian Navy's ground troops. It was created on November 15, 1945 and has the duties of being the main amphibious warfare force and quick reaction force of defence against enemy invasion.
Kormar has been active in various military operations in Indonesia. One of the largest amphibious military operations was Operation Jayawijaya in which thousands of marines landed in West Irian in the early 1960s as a part of the Trikora campaign to take West Irian from Dutch occupation.
In 1999 a plan was proposed to expand the Kormar from its strength of 13,000 troops. Based on this plan, every Kormar's base would have three combat brigades: the Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery and would be supported by one Combat Support Regiment and one Administration Support Regiment. The expansion will create three Kormar bases: Surabaya for Eastern area command, Jakarta for Central area command, and Rate Island in Lampung for Western area command. The expansion would increase the strength of Kormar to 23,000 troops.
Due to budget restraints, the Korps has reduced the amount of allotted training time with armored vehicles. This has resulted in a largely ineffective defensive force that is surpassed by the regular army.
The Komando Intai Para Amphibi (KIPAM) Amphibious recon Para-Commando was officially formed on 18 March 1961. Set at battalion strength it was first used in the Irian Jaya in April 1962. Start from November 1971 it was called Batalyon Intai Amphibi(Yon Taifib) or Amphibious Recon Battalion. All volunteers are two year veterans of the KOMAR who volunteer for the seven month commando training course. Training includes a month long airborne training course. Now, one battalion is stationed in Jakarta and Surabaya marine base while the remainder is stationed at the KIPAM training facility at Surabaya.